en ENGLISH
eISSN: 2719-3209
ISSN: 0023-2157
Klinika Oczna / Acta Ophthalmologica Polonica
Bieżący numer Archiwum Filmy Artykuły w druku O czasopiśmie Suplementy Rada naukowa Bazy indeksacyjne Prenumerata Kontakt Zasady publikacji prac Standardy etyczne i procedury
4/2020
vol. 122
 
Poleć ten artykuł:
Udostępnij:
więcej
 
 
streszczenie artykułu:
Artykuł przeglądowy

Tear film disorders as a manifestation of various diseases and conditions

Łucja Niezgoda
1, 2
,
Ewa Fudalej
1, 2
,
Anna Nowak
1, 2
,
Dorota Kopacz
1, 3

1.
Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
2.
Student Research Club at the Department of Ophthalmology, Infant Jesus Teaching Hospital, Warsaw, Poland
3.
Department of Ophthalmology, Infant Jesus Teaching Hospital, Warsaw, Poland
KLINIKA OCZNA 2020, 122, 4: 158–164
Data publikacji online: 2020/12/17
Pełna treść artykułu
Pobierz cytowanie
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 


The tear film consists of multiple layers, traditionally categorized as three separate units (the outermost lipid layer, the middle aqueous layer and the innermost mucins). Each building substance of the tear film has a specific role in its proper functioning and is prone to certain disturbances caused by both local and general disorders. A systematic review of the recent literature was conducted, with data obtained via PubMed. The authors focused on tear film disorders as a manifestation of various diseases and conditions, with consideration of the current classification and diagnostic approaches. The elaborate composition of the ocular surface results in the diversity of problems affecting it. Bearing in mind the extensiveness of the subject, the most common and clinically important defects were selected. Defining the etiology of some disturbances can be very complex, but it is crucial for proper diagnosis and treatment.
facebook linkedin twitter
© 2021 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe