en POLSKI
eISSN: 2719-3209
ISSN: 0023-2157
Klinika Oczna / Acta Ophthalmologica Polonica
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4/2016
vol. 118
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Effect of 0.1% diclofenac ophthalmic solution on inflammatory response and macular thickness following phacoemulsification cataract surgery

Edyta Zielińska
1
,
Dariusz Rokicki
1
,
Mariusz Wielgórski
1
,
Jerzy Szaflik
1, 2
,
Jacek P. Szaflik
1, 2

1.
SPKSO Ophthalmic University Hospital, Warsaw, Poland
2.
Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
Online publish date: 2017/11/29
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Purpose
To evaluate 0.1% diclofenac sodium as an adjunctive therapy with loteprednol etabonate on postoperative inflammation in the anterior chamber and on foveal and parafoveal retinal thickness.

Material and methods
Eighty eyes eligible for phacoemulsification were enrolled in a randomized clinical trial. Patients in group I (N = 40) received anti-inflammatory treatment consisting of 0.1% diclofenac with 0.5% loteprednol; group II (N = 40) patients received 0.5% loteprednol alone. Best corrected visual acuity and intraocular pressure were measured, and laser flarephotometry was done. Foveal and parafoveal thickness were assessed by optical coherence tomography.

Results
Median flare values decreased more rapidly in group I at 7 and 14 days (7.9 and 7.4 ph/ms, respectively) than in group II (13.7 and 11.8 ph/ms, respectively; p < 0.0001). Group II had significantly increased parafoveal thickness at 14 and 42 days (median 285.59 μm, p = 0.001 and 288.38 μm, p < 0.001, respectively). Parafoveal thickness differed significantly between groups at 14 and 42 days (p = 0.0085, p = 0.0004, respectively).

Conclusions
Eyes treated with both diclofenac sodium and loteprednol etabonate showed less inflammatory response and were less likely to develop foveal and parafoveal thickening than those treated with steroid only.

keywords:

cataract surgery, steroids, NSAIDs

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